The common cold is one of the most common infections in humans. Symptoms include sneezing, coughing, runny-nose and sore-throat. It gives headaches, body pain and blocked nostrils.

Its caused by viruses and not by cold or wet weather. These viruses however tend to be relatively common during these seasons and the cold weather makes the respiratory system prone to be infected.

The symptoms we feel when the virus invades are the body’s way of protecting us and attempting to get rid of the invading virus. It is got by close contact with infected people or contact with contaminated objects or surfaces.

Catarrh is a build-up of mucus in an airway or cavity in the body.

It’s often a symptom of other conditions such as cold, hayfever or other types of allergy-triggered problem or nasal polyps catarrh is usually caused by the immune system reacting to an infection or irritation which causes the lining of the nose and throat to become swollen and produce mucus. Catarrh can cause:

  • Headache or facial pain
  • Persistent cough
  • Reduced sense of smell and taste
  • A cracking sensation in the ear. Sometimes a temporary hearingless.



Cold or catarrh will often pass in a few days or weeks as the condition that causes it improves. Please do the following to help.

  • Avoid things that trigger your symptoms such as allergies or smoky places
  • Stay well hydrated
  • Talk to a pharmacist about suitable over the counter medications such as decongestants, antihistamines or steroid nasal sprays.

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